Fair Credit Reporting Act 

The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is a federal law.

Under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, you have the right to sue creditors and the credit bureaus like Equifax, Trans Union and Experian for monetary damages and a free legal representation.

Find Error on Your Report

1. Find the error or inaccuracy

Dispute with Credit Agencies

2. Dispute with credit agencies.

It's Fixed or You Sue

3. If they don't fix it, then you sue.

The FCRA requires creditors, also known as furnishers, to do several things regarding their credit reporting of Americans. The FCRA requires the crediting reporting agencies to do several things regarding the accuracy of the credit reports they sell.


The Fair Credit Reporting Act allows citizens to file a lawsuit and directly recover certain damages and attorney fees. Some provisions of the Fair Credit Reporting Act can only be enforced by the government or state governments.


Each state can add additional provisions to the FCRA subject to certain issues with federal preemption.


You have a right to disputed anything on your credit report if you think it is wrong. You should always send your disputes to the credit agencies. If the errors is not fixed, you should consider taking legal actions. 


State FCRA Additions for Credit Freezes

Arizona, for example, has added liability for not removing security freezes when requested.


State FCRA Additions for Employment Purposes

Some states, such as Connecticut, has expanded the protections of the FCRA to its residents by completely removing an employer's ability to review past criminal history even if the conviction was within the last 7 years, even if the job has a salary of over $25,000, and even if the job is in the financial sector.

State by State Fair Credit Reporting Act Survey

Idaho Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Indiana Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Iowa Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Kansas Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Missouri Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Nebraska Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

North Dakota Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Nevada Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Pennsylvania Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Rhode Island Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

South Dakota Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Tennessee Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Texas Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Vermont Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Wyoming Fair Credit Reporting Act Information

Basics of the Fair Credit Reporting Act:

The credit reporting agencies are required to keep accurate credit files. 15 U.S.C. § 1681i(a)

When a consumer disputes information with a credit reporting agency, the agency must “conduct a reasonable reinvestigation to determine whether the disputed information is inaccurate.” 15 U.S.C. § 1681i(a)(1)(A).

The FCRA requires CRAs and entities that furnish information to CRAs (“furnishers” or “furnishers of information”) to investigate disputed information.

The furnisher of information must: (1) “conduct an investigation with respect to the disputed information”; (2) “review all relevant information provided by the consumer reporting agency” in connection with the dispute; and (3) “report the results of the investigation to the credit reporting agency.” Id. § 1681s-2(b)(1)(A)–(C).

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